How can I dry apples in home? Apples have antioxidant properties and are rich in fiber, so they have many health benefits, but this popular fruit is not available in all seasons. An easy way to store and use it in all seasons is to dry the apples. Dried apples are a delicious snack to satisfy hunger, including healthy snacks for children. In this article, we will explain the different methods of drying this fruit, you can choose one of these methods according to the available facilities.
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Prepare apples for drying
First, wash the apples and, if they are stained, remove the stained parts.
Apple peel has a lot of fiber and many properties, but fruits like apples will dry better when peeled. So if you want, you can peel the apples.
If you want to remove the apple core, you can use the apple corer to do this. If you do not have access to such equipment, remove the apple core with a knife or by hand.
Cut the apples into rings or thin slices, it is better to have the same size of slices so that the apples dry evenly.
Usually the color of the fruits darkens after drying. To prevent the fruits from changing color and blackening, soak them in a solution of lemon juice and water for 10 minutes before drying them, and then drain them. Next, thoroughly drain the apple juice with a clean, lint-free cloth. You can also use a solution of lemon juice, water and pineapple juice to soak the fruits. Pineapple juice reduces the sour taste of lemon juice and makes apples sweeter.
Some spices like gooseberry, cinnamon and sweet pepper improve the taste of apples, you can sprinkle some of these spices on it before drying it.
- Drying apples with oven
Using the oven is a quick and easy way to dry apples. If you use this method, you will need 6 hours, to do this, follow the steps below:
Set the oven temperature to 54-71 ° C and wait for the oven to heat up.
Spread a greaseproof paper on the oven tray and place the apple slices on top of each other.
Fruits usually shrink while drying, to prevent this you can put a round pizza net or a silicone liner on them.
Examine the apples every two hours. Once the top of the apples is dry, turn them over so that the other side is dry as well.
- Drying apples with sunlight
On hot, sunny days when the temperature is at least 30 ° C, you can use sunlight to dry the apples. Since it takes several days to dry the fruit with this method, make sure the weather conditions are stable before doing so. Follow the steps below to dry the apples using sunlight:
Place the sliced apples at a distance from each other on a stainless steel grid. If you do not have access to stainless steel mesh, you can spread a cloth on a tray or use wooden trays, but keep in mind that wooden trays made of green wood, pine, cedar, oak and red wood are not suitable for this purpose.
Place the tray on two bricks and place it in direct sunlight.
Cover the tray with netting to protect the fruit from insects.
Examine the apples daily, turning them evenly to dry.
The dew and humidity of the night air prevent the fruits from drying out, so it is better to bring the tray into the house at night.
3. Using a drier machine
One simple way to dry apple fruit is to use a dryer. To do this, follow the steps below:
Place the sliced apples at a distance from each other on a drying tray.
Some dryers have fruit drying settings, and to dry the fruits, it is enough to set the dryer on these settings, but if the dryer does not have these settings, set it to 57 ° C.
Examine the apples after 24 hours. If they have not dried yet, put them back in the dryer. To prevent the apples from drying out too much, check them every 6 to 8 hours. The time it takes to dry an apple with a dryer depends on the thickness of the apple slices, but it usually takes between 24 and 48 hours.
How to preserve dried apples
Pour them into glass or plastic containers with a lid, leave the apples open in the container for 3-4 days to ensure complete drying. In the first week, shake the jars several times a day so there will be no moisture in the apple slices.
Decreased volume of dried fruits indicates that they are not completely dried, in which case you can put them back in the open air or in the oven to dry completely.
To kill bacteria, wrap dried apples in a plastic bag and put them in refrigerate for 48 hours.
If the apples are well dried, they can be stored in a cool, dry place for 9 to 12 months.
If you prefer dried fruits to have more moisture, store them in the refrigerator to prevent mold.
Before using dried apples, you can soak them in water so they will be juicy again.
The Last Word
Apples have many benefits, this delicious fruit can be used as a snack, but in seasons when fresh apples are not available, using dried apples is an ideal option. In addition, dried fruits can be used to entertain guests.